Disease Prevention Practices in Adolescent Females: A Microscopic Analysis of Water Quality, Sanitation Methods, and Perception of Vector-Borne Illnesses in a Rural Region of the Dominican Republic

Sneha Krish

Abstract


Though water quality and sanitation have improved over the past years, there is room for improvement, especially in third-world countries like the Dominican Republic and Haiti. Many people lack the knowledge and supplies to provide basic care for themselves and their families in these countries. The objective of this study was to assess the perceptions of water quality, effective female sanitation practices, and the spread of vector-borne diseases in rural neighborhoods in the Dominican Republic, by surveying a sample of 16 girls between the ages of 8 to 12. Another goal of this study was to analyze how deficiencies in proper care practices could affect the psychosocial development of girls growing in such an environment. Various mediums were used to procure data from the sample, including interviews with the girls, a 14-question survey, and interviews with child psychologists and coordinators at the local Health Care Clinic, all of which were used to establish a baseline for the amount of health education the girls received. Brochures handed out in the city regarding the importance of water quality, daily body care, and sanitation were also examined. This study showed that only 12.50% of the participants had access to purified water by filtration systems or boiling processes while 68.75% of the participants reported exposure to water-borne illnesses. The major diseases that affected the children’s lives were small pox, Chikungunya, and malaria. Based on these findings, the efficiency of day-to-day care practices taught to female children to protect against vector-borne illnesses should be reconfigured, since the lack of understanding in rural environments would be classified as public health concern in the world of global medicine. This research study draws attention to potential improvements in healthcare education in developing countries so that immunity levels in young children may be increased through better prevention methods.


Keywords


Sanitation; Water Quality; Dominican Republic

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