Shakespeare's Philosophy of Music

Emily Sulka

Abstract


Shakespeare is one of the most widely read figures in literature, but his use of music is not usually touched on in literary discussions of his works. This paper discusses how Shakespeare portrays music within the context of his plays, both through dialogue and songs performed within each work. In Shakespeare’s time, Boethius’ philosophy of the music of the spheres was still highly popular. This was the idea that the arrangement of the cosmos mirrored musical proportions. As a result, every aspect of the universe was believed to be highly ordered, and this idea is prominent throughout Shakespeare’s works, from Hamlet to A Midsummer Night’s Dream. To make this clear to the reader, the paper discusses dialogue symmetry weaved throughout The Merchant of Venice, clear allusions to the music of the spheres in Pericles, and the use of music as a signifier of the strange and mysterious – from madness to love – in numerous works, always relating these topics back to the philosophy of the music of the spheres.  In order to compile this information and make it clear, the author researched the philosophy of music during Shakespeare’s era. The author also researched how Shakespeare uses music thematically to emphasize different characters’ struggles as well as plot details.  After examining his plays as well as the other sources available on the subject, it is clear that Shakespeare was highly influenced by the philosophical and practical ideas regarding music of his time, specifically the theory of the music of the spheres.


Keywords


Shakespeare; Music of the Spheres; Music in Literature

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