The Examination of Personality Traits in Relation to Alcohol Consumption Among College Students

Victoria Xidas

Abstract


Alcohol abuse is among the most preventable contributors to morbidity and among the biggest public health concern in America1. Among the American public, the population of college students has the highest rates of binge drinking and are at a higher risk for alcohol abuse1. Both individual difference and contextual variables can affect alcohol consumption2. A number of studies have indicated that within this population of college students, individual personality characteristics may affect alcohol consumption2. Peterson2 shows that extraverted sensation seekers are associated with heavier alcoholic consumption. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between personality traits of an individual and intake of alcohol consumption among college-aged students. Approximately 434 Miami University students participated in this study. The average age was 20.37 years old. The majority of the participants were females comprising 61.7% and 34.7% of the participants were male. A significant amount of participants were affiliated with a Greek organization comprising 41.2% of the participants. Data was collected through an online survey via online email. The personality scale used in the survey was the Zuckerman-Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire which is a 50-item cross cultural questionnaire including five personality scales of impulsive sensation seeking, neuroticism-anxiety, sociability, aggressive-hostility, and activity3. Additional analysis of data results is in progress. Research has indicated that there is a need for colleges to implement interventions to reduce alcohol misuse4. This study is necessary to implement interventions specific to individuals with personality traits that are associated with a higher risk of alcohol abuse.


Keywords


Personality Traits, Alcohol Consumption, College Students

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