Women in Politics: A Comparison Between the United States and Britain

Natasha Kang

Abstract


Ever since women were granted suffrage, they have been making historic strides in representing their sex in politics in the United States and United Kingdom. However, this success is clearly limited seen by the underrepresentation of women in politics in proportion to men. It is possible the number of elected women is related the parties-- such as how liberal the party is or how much of an effort the party is making to appeal to minorities. I intend to investigate these possible causes of low representation of women in these countries by examining official records on how many female MPs and Congresswomen have been elected in a 20 year period as well as examining relevant elements of parties these elected women claim membership to, such as their ideological position and campaign strategies. The results of this research will allow us to have a better understanding of the sex-specific hurdles women must overcome to become elected and possibly an explanation as to why women are underrepresented in politics overall in these plurality systems.


Keywords


gender equality, women in politics, gender representation, gender gap

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