A Comparative Analysis of the Relationship Shared by Sleep Disorders and Type 2 Diabetes

Jess Mae Copeland

Abstract


Individually, diabetes and sleep disorders (SDs) have a detrimental impact on physical and emotional health. The concomitance of diabetes and SDs has also revealed a myriad of negative implications regarding general health and overall well-being. The extent and primacy of this relationship is elusive due to significant rates of inadequate or under diagnoses of SDs; as well as, the multitude of intervening variables that are associated with disease symptomatology. However, previous research indicates that diabetes not only decreases sleep quality, but SDs may also augment the risk of developing diabetes. The multilateral nature of diabetes in concomitance with SDs presents distinct challenges in daily self-management of diabetes, as SDs have been shown to compromise cognition, psychological well-being, general health, and overall quality of life. A comparative literature review was conducted and numerous case-studies were surveyed that analyzed data from those with a SD and diabetes diagnosis compared to those diagnosed with a SD. Results suggest a comorbid relationship presenting in SD and diabetes. Case-studies revealed those with SDs and diabetes had a considerably higher incidence of other physiological and psychological conditions, including: heart failure, heart attack, stroke, chronic lung disease, thyroid disease, depression, and stress.


Keywords


Diabetes, Sleep disorders, Quality of life

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