The Effects of Modern Information Technology on Learning Outcome of African American Students

Domenique Malone

Abstract


Much research discusses the link between educational attainment and various quality-of-life-indicators. Therefore, it is important to investigate tools that enhance learning as well as barriers that prevent from having access to these tools. At higher levels of income and education, differences in Internet access or computer ownership between ethnic groups are minimal. There is concern about whether or not computers will displace authentic childhood learning experiences. The measured improvements in learning from computer technology are substantial, though not revolutionary. Typically, students in a computer group gain roughly three months over their non-computer group counterparts when the educational progress made in a normal school year is used as a yardstick (Melmed 1995; Software & Information Industry Association 1999). This research analyzes the digital divide at a community level. After reviewing community technology projects and analyzing models of technology access, it presents various points of view about projects and initiatives are presented. In addition, alternative concepts of technology utilization for social inclusion are presented. Moreover, the study draws on the historical analogy of literacy to further critique the notion of a divide. Finally, the study reviews data from secondary literature sources that examines whether the necessary resources exist to promote access and social inclusion related to technology.

Keywords


Technology, Digital, Computer

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