The Political Environment in Haiti and How It Is Affecting the Development of New Business in the Country

Kathlyn Desravines


Haiti is known as the first African nation to win its independence in 1804. That would be the last major stride that Haiti would make. Haiti never had the chance to rise up to be that great nation due to Western economic oppression, which led it to become the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere. This paper examines how Capitalist Theory played a role in the application of political policies that caused the downfall of new businesses in Haiti. Capitalist Theory is defined as the complete separation of economy and state, just like the separation of church and state. Capitalism is the social system based upon private ownership of the means of production, which entails a completely uncontrolled and unregulated economy where land and capital are privately owned. The focus of this study is on Haiti and the West. The political actions of these two entities provide insights into Haiti’s economic instability. Employing triangulative methodology to analyze the investments that take place on the island and also to inquire about the development of businesses on the island, this study also examines the state of Haiti's political stability, internal security, mobility, and resources. The paper hypothesizes that Haiti has not been able to establish itself after its independence due to the substantial involvement of the West in its affairs, which has led to the island’s political instability, causing the failure of generating new businesses. Data collection was based on expert interviews and a documentary analysis of published materials. The substance findings suggest that the hypothesis tested is tenable.


Haiti, Political Environment, Development, Business Environment

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